If a polynomial and its derivative have the same root, then the root is a repeated root?

  • I
  • Thread starter Happiness
  • Start date
  • #1
673
29
Given a polynomial ##f(x)##. Suppose there exists a value ##c## such that ##f(c)=f'(c)=0##, where ##f'## denotes the derivative of ##f##. Then ##f(x)=(x-c)^mh(x)##, where ##m## is an integer greater than 1 and ##h(x)## is a polynomial.

Is it true? Could you prove it?

Note: The converse is true and can be proved easily.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #3
673
29
Looks quite trivial to me.

It's trivial if we know what to use.

I managed to prove it using factor theorem. But I guessed I wanted to see if there is a more elementary proof when I posted the question. And then I found an elementary proof for factor theorem.
 
  • #4
PeroK
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
Insights Author
Gold Member
2021 Award
21,494
12,806
It's trivial if we know what to use.

I managed to prove it using factor theorem. But I guessed I wanted to see if there is a more elementary proof when I posted the question. And then I found an elementary proof for factor theorem.

If ##f(c) = 0## then ##f(x) = (x-c)g(x)## and ##f'(x) = g(x) + (x-c)g'(x) \dots##
 

Related Threads on If a polynomial and its derivative have the same root, then the root is a repeated root?

Replies
4
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
6K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
2K
Replies
10
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
3K
Replies
5
Views
3K
Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
7
Views
2K
Replies
5
Views
34K
Top