1. Not finding help here? Sign up for a free 30min tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Impulse Question

  1. Jan 30, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    A 75-g ball is dropped from rest from a height of 2.2 m. It bounces off the floor and rebounds to a maximum height of 1.7 m. If the ball is in contact with the floor for 0.024 s, what is the magnitude and direction of the average force exerted on the ball by the floor during the collision?

    2. Relevant equations
    p = Ft

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I found the speed of the ball right before the drop using vfinal ^2 = vinitial^2 +2ad
    The answer I got was 6.56 m/s. Now I don't know what to do after that.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 30, 2016 #2

    gneill

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Show the details of your calculation. It's not clear which velocity you were calculating --- If the ball was dropped, it should have zero velocity "right before the drop".

    What is your plan for calculating the average force? How is average force defined in terms of momentum?
     
  4. Jan 30, 2016 #3
    Okay tell me if what I did is correct

    Velocity right before the ball hit the ground
    vfinal^2 = vinitial^2 + 2ad
    vfinal^2 = (0)+2(9.8)(2.2m)
    vfinal = 6.57m/s

    If this was the velocity that the ball hit the ground with then the force is
    F = p/t
    F = (0.075kg)(6.57m/s)/0.024s
    F = 20.53N

    If 20.53N was the force, then the ball would be sent up to 2.2m

    Now find the force required to send it to 1.7m

    (20.53)(1.7)/2.2
    F = 15.86 N
     
  5. Jan 30, 2016 #4

    gneill

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    That's fine so far.
    Nope. You need to go to the definition of average force based on change in momentum.

    What's the formula for the average force based on change in momentum?

    Hint: You need to find the momentum of the ball when it first contacts the floor and when it just loses contact with the floor. Remember that momentum is a vector quantity.
     
  6. Jan 30, 2016 #5
    Okay, the momentum of the ball when it first contacts the floor is (0.075kg)(6.57m/s) = 0.49275 kg.m/s

    I don't know how to find the momentum of the ball when it just loses contact with the floor

    Please, can you show me how to do it. Rather than giving me hints that I don't understand
     
  7. Jan 30, 2016 #6

    gneill

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    What speed must it have when it just leaves the floor? It's a projectile at that point, and reaches a certain maximum height....
     
  8. Jan 30, 2016 #7
    Okay thanks for trying to help me. But the way your trying to help me, I clearly do not understand anything. Whatever, I guess I will just skip this question.
     
  9. Jan 30, 2016 #8

    gneill

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Sorry master_333, but the forum rules are clear that helpers cannot simply provide answers or do your homework for you. This includes telling you step by step how to solve a problem.

    We can only offer hints or point out errors or suggest things to investigate so that you can gain the knowledge to solve the problem yourself.

    I have suggested that you look up the definition of average force in terms of change of momentum. Have you looked it up in your notes, text, or on the web?
     
  10. Jan 31, 2016 #9

    rude man

    User Avatar
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    OK so far.
    Now relate the change in kinetic energy between 2.2m and 1.7m to the work done by the force over the distance of floor contact.
    Since you don't know the contact distance s you might consider the chain rule: ds = ds/dt * dt.
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Impulse Question
  1. Impulse question (Replies: 0)

  2. Impulse Question (Replies: 1)

  3. Question on impulse (Replies: 1)

  4. Impulse question (Replies: 1)

  5. Impulse Question (Replies: 4)

Loading...