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Increase in entropy

  1. Oct 1, 2008 #1
    A sealed and thermally insulated container of total volume V is divided into two equal volumes by an impermeable wall. The left half of the container is initially occupied by n moles of an ideal
    gas at temperature T. Which of the following gives the change in entropy of the system when
    the wall is suddenly removed and the gas expands to fill the entire volume?

    thermo is a very weak subject for me... any help is appreciated

    I know that entropy is s=k*g where g is the number of accessible states, but i'm not sure where to go from here
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 2, 2008 #2

    kreil

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    [tex] \Delta S(T,P)=\frac{3}{2}Nk ln( \frac{T_2}{T_1} ) + Nk ln( \frac{V_2}{V_1} )[/tex]

    This is the state equation for the entropy in terms of temperature and volume. Since the container is thermally insulated, T2=T1 and the first term drops out since ln(1)=0. Since V2 > V1, the second term is positive and the entropy of the system will INCREASE.
     
  4. Oct 2, 2008 #3
    where did you get this equation from? Is this a standard equation?
     
  5. Oct 2, 2008 #4

    gabbagabbahey

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