1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Induced current from coil

  1. Aug 2, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A circular coil has N equal loops with diameter C. Each loop has resistivity η and diameter d.

    There is a field on the central axis of B(t) = B_0 sin(ωt).

    Find the induced current (ignoring other fields)

    2. Relevant equations

    emf = -d/dt * flux(t)
    i = emf/R
    R = η*l/A


    3. The attempt at a solution

    emf total = N * -d/dt ∫B dot dA = N * BA = N * B(t) * (pi*(C/2)^2)

    R = η * (2*pi*d/2)/ (pi*(d/2)^2)

    i = emf /R

    I know I am doing something wrong and missing something, could somebody please tell me where I am going astray?

    Thanks
     
    Last edited: Aug 2, 2014
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 2, 2014 #2

    Simon Bridge

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member
    2016 Award

    In expanding ##R=\eta L/A## You used the diameter d in calculation for both L and A.

    ##L=\pi D## in this equation, D is the diameter of what?
    ##A=\pi D^2\!\!/4## in this equation, D is the diameter of what?

    You are given two diameters labelled C and d. Which is which?
     
  4. Aug 2, 2014 #3
    C is the diameter of the coil and d is the diameter of the individual loops. I guess the equation for the length should use d while the equation for area should use C. For some reason I thought these would be equal.
     
  5. Aug 2, 2014 #4

    Simon Bridge

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member
    2016 Award

    I think the description is a little vague on this point to be honest - I was hoping it was consistent with other work you've done so you would know better than me by context.

    Usually "coil diameter" is the diameter of the coil, which would be the same as the diameter of each loop that makes up the coil - unless we are talking about a toroidal coil perhaps. So the coil diameter and the loop diameter would be the same thing. For some reason the problem statement gives them different labels ... why would this be, unless the two labels are meant to refer to different things?

    But I asked [strike]two[/strike] three questions and you have only answered one.
    The D in the equation for L is different from the D in the equation for A.
    You need to relate the equations to the physical dimensions of the problem.
     
    Last edited: Aug 2, 2014
  6. Aug 2, 2014 #5
    It says more specifically that "each loop is made of a conductor with resistivity eta and conductor diameter d"
     
  7. Aug 2, 2014 #6

    Simon Bridge

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member
    2016 Award

    ... that's better.
    So do you know how to finish the problem now?

    You should also check the rest of your working to see if you have made similar assumptions.
     
  8. Aug 4, 2014 #7
    I think so, because A is the cross-sectional area then d would be used whereas as L is the length of the whole wire C would be used.
     
  9. Aug 4, 2014 #8

    Simon Bridge

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member
    2016 Award

    Well done :)
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Induced current from coil
Loading...