# Homework Help: Induced Current in a Coil

1. Apr 2, 2012

### geostudent

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

A cylindrical solenoid 30 cm long with a radius of 8 mm has 400 tightly-wound turns of wire uniformly distributed along its length (see the figure). Around the middle of the solenoid is a two-turn rectangular loop 3 cm by 2 cm made of resistive wire having a resistance of 190 ohms. One microsecond after connecting the loose wire to the battery to form a series circuit with the battery and a 20 resistor, what is the magnitude of the current in the rectangular loop and its direction (clockwise or counter-clockwise in the diagram)? (The battery has an emf of 9 V.)

2. Relevant equations

B = μ$_{0}$NI /d

L= μ$_{0}$N$^{2}$$\pi$R$^{2}$/d

I = emf/R * [1-e$^{-(R/L)t}$]

emf(induced)= d$\Phi$/dt

3. The attempt at a solution

I just want to check my reasoning here and get advice on how to approach a problem like this.

1. Since the Current is varying with time, I used I = emf/R * [1-e$^{-(R/L)t}$] to find I at t=1microsecond and got I= .20194 Amperes

2. Used B = μ$_{0}$NI /d to find B=1.76229E-4 Tesla

3. Induced Emf = -d$\Phi$/dt where $\Phi$ = ∫B*dA

I took dA to be the cross-sectional Area of the rectangle

Then induced (EMF*Number of turns in rectangle)/R =I

I keep getting relatively close answers but not correct. I don't think I'm thinking of this n the right way. Where am I at fault?

2. Apr 2, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

The general approach looks alright, although I'm not sure what you're doing with the value of the current in the coil or the value of the B field for that particular time. It'll be the rate of change of the B field that you'll need, no?

Even so, the value you're getting for the current looks a bit odd. What values did you calculate for the inductance and the time constant?