From what I've seen, most of the threads concerning jobs after receiving a PhD in physics focus on professorships. But I haven't seen too much about working in national labs and industry. So here are a few things I've been wondering about myself: How hard is it to get a job in industry? In a national lab? (in comparison to a job as a professor) What is it like working in industry? Is it possible (not too uncommon) to work in industry for an amount of time and move over to a national lab later? I've heard that some people end up taking multiple postdocs and are never able to get a job as a "real" physicist. What factors would lead to this? Would they still be able to go into industry? I understand that the answers to these questions depend on what your specialty may be (among other things), but I would still like to here more general answers. Personally, I plan on going into something in experimental condensed matter (big field, I know, but I have time to decide). Thank you for any replies.