# Homework Help: Infinite series

1. Sep 26, 2007

### wildman

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
I am wondering if someone could give me some insight on how the following infinite series was derived:

$$P_e = \sum_{-\infty}^\infty (1/2)^{2|n|} = -1 + 2 \sum_{n=0}^\infty (1/2)^{2n} = 5/3$$

2. Relevant equations
See above

3. The attempt at a solution
I think the -1 comes when n = 0 and the 2 before the sum is because the absolute value of n makes the result symetrical around 0. That is why one can make the sum from 0 to infinity and multiply by 2. Right??
The second sumation must be equal to 4/3. Right? I guess my real question then is how do you find the closed form of this infinite series?

2. Sep 27, 2007

### Avodyne

Right!

Right!

Can you do this one?

$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty x^n$$

3. Sep 27, 2007

### HallsofIvy

Actually, the "-1" comes from the fact that when n= 0, $(1/2)^{2|n|}$ is equal to 1. Since you are multiplying the sum, from 0 to infinity, by 2, you are getting that twice and need to subract off one.

4. Sep 27, 2007

### wildman

Yes, that is equal to 1/(1- 1/2) or 2

5. Sep 28, 2007

### Avodyne

It is if x=1/2. What is it for general x? Then, what value of x applies to your problem? (Hint: it's not 1/2.)

6. Sep 28, 2007

### wildman

general x is x^2 and my x is 1/4 so 1/(1-1/4) is 4/3. All right! Thanks!