(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

What is the minimum KE of an electron trappen in an infinite square well potential of width a = 0.2nm?

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

General solution to the simple harmonic oscillator equation:

Ψ(x) = Asin(kx)+Bcos(kx)

Where the potential of the well goes to infinity, Ψ(x) must be continuous so,

Ψ(0) = Ψ(a) = 0

Ψ(0) = Asin(0)+Bcos(0) = B = 0

Ψ(x) = Asin(kx)

Ψ(a) = Asin(ka)

sin(ka) = 0 (Since to let A=0 would result in Ψ(x) = 0, which is trivial)

ka = 0, ± pi, ±2pi…

If k=0 then, again Ψ(x) = 0 and since sin(-x) = -sin(x) and we can absorb the minus sign into the arbitrary constant A, the solutions are

kn = n pi/a when n = any positive integer

In this case

kn = pi/(0.2*10-9)

kn = 1.57*1010

According to equation 2.27 of Griffiths

En = ħ2kn2 /2m = n2pi2 ħ2 / 2ma2

En = ħ2(1.57*1010) 2 / 2*(9.109*10-31)

En = 1.507*10-18 J (Since the potential inside the well is 0, the kinetic energy accounts for the total energy of the particle)

KEmin = 1.507*10-18 J

If someone could just run through this and check that i haven't made any stupid mistakes, i'd really appreciate it.

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# Homework Help: Infinite square well

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