# Integration by parts

1. Sep 5, 2009

### clairez93

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

$$\int\frac{t^{2}}{\sqrt{2+3t}}$$

Use integration by parts to verify the formula:
$$\int x^{n} sin x dx = -x^{n} cos x + n\int x^{n-1} cos x dx$$

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

For the first one, I attached the picture of my work on paper, as it would take me forever to type out in latex code, I think. For the second one:

$$u = sin x$$
$$du = cos x$$
$$dV = x^{n}$$
$$V = \frac{x^{n+1}}{n+1}$$

$$\int x^{n} sin x dx = -x^{n} cos x + n\int x^{n-1} cos x dx$$ =
$$sin x (\frac{x^{n+1}}{n+1}) - \int \frac{x^{n+1}}{n+1} cos x dx$$

That doesn't really look like the formula to me. Am I supposed to use an identity of some sorts?

File size:
15.6 KB
Views:
26
2. Sep 5, 2009

### mathie.girl

I can't see the work for the first one, so I can't tell if that's right or not.

For the second one, you differentiated $$\sin{x}$$ to get $$\cos{x}$$and integrated $$x^n$$ to get $$\frac{x^{n+1}}{n+1}$$, is that right? However, since the formula you're supposed to end up with has an $$x^{n-1}$$, I would differentiate the $$x^n$$ and integrate the $$\sin{x}$$ and see what you get.

3. Sep 5, 2009

### n!kofeyn

mathie.girl is right. A good thing to remember when doing integration by parts is that you let u be the term such that when you differentiate it, du is "simpler" than u. For example, you let u=sinx so that du=cosx. That really doesn't do any simplifying. That means you'll let dv be the term that doesn't really simplify when taking the derivative.