# Integration Problem

$$\int$$(tan x)^2(sec x)^2
The book shows the integration going straight to
(tan x)^3/3
Which I can see how to get that, simply raise the tangent to +1 power & then divide by three, but I'm not seeing where the secant cancels out. I checked the back of the book integrals but couldn't find anything there. Any ideas?

## Answers and Replies

cristo
Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Try a substitution u=tan x. What is du/dx?

Thanks, its sometimes unbelievable the little things you over look. I even tried to set u=sec x... but for some reason never thought of doing that to tangent.

Gib Z
Homework Helper
The fact that you have forgotten to have the differential (dx) in your integral shows you aren't too familiar with integration by substitution =[ Try revising your textbook!

The fact that you have forgotten to have the differential (dx) in your integral shows you aren't too familiar with integration by substitution =[ Try revising your textbook!

What are you talking about? If u=tan x, then du=(sec x)^2, which cancels the secant in the equation perfectly.

Then to integrate (tan x)^2, simply add one to the power, (tan x)^3 & then divide by three.

Gib Z
Homework Helper
I know, but in your first post you didn't write the dx in your integral, which is crucial to actually 'cancel' with the dx in the du/dx term.

I know, but in your first post you didn't write the dx in your integral, which is crucial to actually 'cancel' with the dx in the du/dx term.

You're right, I should have written the dx, but its more of a minor annoyance, so long as you're canceling them out in your head. I read your post incorrectly, when you said "to have," I read "to halve." The correct English to be "forgotten the differential." :)