# Internal Combustion Engines

I am sure someone wrote with great detail on the subject, but i just can't seem to find it in the forums...

I want to know about the parameters influencing the performance of an IC engine...obviously, not all parameters, but those we can conviently control

specifically...how is bore/stroke (or the combination of both as displacement volume) related to the power output of an engine
and what would be the other factors affecting the power?

even more specifically, i want to make a small vehicle...something like 150Kgs in weight, and make it as fuel efficent as possible....i am looking to use single-cylinder motorcycle engine (i think it would be 70cc)

The power out of an IC engine is P = T x (2 pi RPM/60) in watts
where T is torque in Newton meters
RPM = revolutions per minute
Power = torque x (2 pi RPM/60)
torque = BMEP V /4 pi (for 4-stroke engine)
So power = (BMEP V /4 pi) x (2 pi RPM/60)

where BMEP = brake mean effective pressure (in Pascals)
V = displacement (in cubic meters) (= liters/1000)
torque is in Newton-meters
power is in watts
Example for 2.7 liter engine
BMEP=10 atm = 106 Pascals
V=2.7 liters = 2.7 x 10-3 m3
RPM = 4000
so torque = 215 N m
Power = 90,000 watts = 121 HP

The engine typically is most efficient at 80% of max torque, and 35% of redline.
The torque curve is flat, and drops off at high RPM because of intake valve and manifold restrictions, and at low RPM because the compressed air at the top of the compression stroke (and the ignited mixture) will cool by convection to the cylinder walls.

Well in a broad sense practical things that affect performance of a given engine are:

volumetric efficiency
fuel air ratio

There are many many others but those are the main ones that we can control most easily. The problem is without specific analysis on the engine you cent really tell what they will do to power as you'll find that as you positively change 1 thing is an engine it adversly affects something else. The key is striking he best balance.

Obviously a bigger engine will produce more power but at a cost of increased fuel consumption.

Ranger Mike
Gold Member
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