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Internal energy of system

  • Thread starter nafo man
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


What happens to the internal energy of a system and its temperature when mechanical work is done on it?

Homework Equations


ΔU=Q-W

The Attempt at a Solution


First Law of Thermodynamics say:the change in internal energy of the system is equal to the heat added to the system minus the work done by the system ΔU=Q-W
but what happen to the internal energy and temperature when mechanical work is done ON the system?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
993
13
As the equation for the 1st law of thermodynamics shows, what happens when mechanical work is done on a system depends also whether heat enters or leaves the system.
 
Last edited:
  • #3
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the part which is confusing me is the 1st law of thermodynamics say,the work is done by the system ,but the question clearly say the work is done on the system.
will it not have effect on the temperature within system?
 
  • #4
993
13
Assume that there is no heat transfer out of, or into, the system.

Then when work is done ON the system, energy must be applied TO the system and hence its internal energy increases.

But when work is done BY the system, energy must be supplied BY the system and hence its internal energy decreases.
 
  • #5
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in that case what would happen to the temperature within system?
 
  • #6
993
13
If the internal energy of the system increases the temperature will increase.
 

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