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Internal resistance and electromotive force problem

  • Thread starter nutzweb
  • Start date
  • #1
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help me with this please... i just couldn't get it.

1) a complete circuit consists of a 12.0 V battery with a 4.50 ohm resistor and switch. the internal resistance of the battery is 0.30 ohms when switch is open. what does the voltmeter read when placed:

a. across the terminal of the battery when the switch is open
b. across the resistor when the switch is open
c. across the terminal of the battery when the switch is closed
d. across the resistor when the switch is closed

2) when the switch S is open, the voltmeter V reads 2.0 V. when the switch is closed, the voltmeter reading drops to 1.50 V and the ammeter reads 1.20 A. find the emf (electromotive force) and the internal resistance of the battery. assume that the two meters are ideal so they don't affect the circuit.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Andrew Mason
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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nutzweb said:
help me with this please... i just couldn't get it.

1) a complete circuit consists of a 12.0 V battery with a 4.50 ohm resistor and switch. the internal resistance of the battery is 0.30 ohms when switch is open. what does the voltmeter read when placed:

a. across the terminal of the battery when the switch is open
b. across the resistor when the switch is open
c. across the terminal of the battery when the switch is closed
d. across the resistor when the switch is closed

2) when the switch S is open, the voltmeter V reads 2.0 V. when the switch is closed, the voltmeter reading drops to 1.50 V and the ammeter reads 1.20 A. find the emf (electromotive force) and the internal resistance of the battery. assume that the two meters are ideal so they don't affect the circuit.
V=IR. Ohm's law.

AM
 

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