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Homework Help: 'Is $ℜ$ an equivalence relation?

  1. Apr 28, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The **mean value theorem** says that there exists a $c∈(u,v)$ such that $$f(v)-f(u)=f′(c)(v-u).$$ Here is my question.

    Assume that $u$ is a root of $f$, hence we obtain $$f(v)=f′(c)(v-u);$$ assume that $f$ is a non-zero analytic function in the whole real line.

    We can define the relation $ℜ$ by

    where $u∈ℝ$ such that $f(u)=0$, $c∈(u,v)$ and $t∈ℝ$ such that $f(t)=0$, $d∈(t,v)$, that is we apply the mean value theorem for f in the two intervals $(u,v)$ and $(t,v)$, here $u,t,v$ are arbitrary.

    Is $ℜ$ an equivalence relation? If so, determine its equivalence classes.

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution
    I have no idea to start with.
  2. jcsd
  3. Apr 28, 2013 #2


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    Science Advisor

    I am confused by your "Assume that u is a root of f", "assume that f is a non-zero function in the whole real line" and "where u such that f(u)= 0".
  4. Apr 28, 2013 #3


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    Staff: Mentor

    "non-zero function" is equivalent to "NOT (f(x)=0 everywhere)". And the function is defined in the whole real line.

    I am confused by that t, however. Do we have some constant t? Are we free to choose t for each pair (c,d) to analyze? What about d, can we choose that as well?
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