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Is pi infinite?

  1. Jan 13, 2004 #1
    Is pi Infinite?
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 13, 2004 #2


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    No, [itex]\pi < \infty[/itex].

    - Warren
  4. Jan 13, 2004 #3


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    [tex] 3.14 < \pi < 3.15 [/tex]
  5. Jan 13, 2004 #4
    What do u mean pi is infinite? the value itself or the digit? if u are talking about the digits, its infinite because it is an irrational number, meaning unending digits. the value itself is not infinite because it has an exact value (22/7).
    its common sense to say that!peace!
  6. Jan 13, 2004 #5


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    22/7 is a rational number, and thus has a repeating or terminating decimal expansion. 22/7 is not pi. 22/7 is just a crude approximation sometimes used in place of pi.

    - Warren
  7. Jan 13, 2004 #6

    Sorry to be picky, but ...
    ... is not actually true (just in case pallidin gets the wrong idea).

    A rational number is any number that can be written m/n where m,n are integers.
    1/7 = 0.142857142857142857142857..(142857 recurring)
    is rational, but has 'unending ' digits.

    In fact, technically,
    1/1 = 1.000000000000000000000000..(0 recurring)
    has infinitely many digits.

    But, for an irrational, there will never be a recurring pattern in the expansion, as for the rationals.

    Another way to look at it is this.

    Suppose you trying to calculate the decimal expansion of 1/7 by hand (or by any other method). Once you'd got to the first recurrence of the sequence (142857) you would stop, because it's for certain that the pattern will recur infinitely.

    So far, over 200 billion digits of PI have been calculated ... no pattern yet.
  8. Jan 13, 2004 #7
  9. Jan 13, 2004 #8
    And there never will be a pattern. Just in case anybody wasn't clear about that from the above posts.
  10. Jan 14, 2004 #9
    thanks for the info... i got that wrong, it must've been nonterminating and non-recurring/nonrepeating...

    ur right 22/7 is just a crude estimation of pi, but i used 22/7 to show that pi has an exact value, not infinity.. the topic is about pi being an infinite.

    thanks, by the way..
  11. Jan 16, 2004 #10
    well, there
    seems to be a pattern of PI repeating here..(smile)

    anyway-what's the 'fartherest out' that's been found for a 'repeater'
    (hope this isn't an 'irrational' question--i'm simply guessing someone's played around
    with the idea ie. recurring patterns)

    or,in different words, what 'number' begins its pattern sequence with the greatest expansion?
    or/and, --what rational number has been found with the 'longest pattern'?

    what am i asking?....how long can a sequence be?....is there any formula that 'predicts' these patterns etc.....anything along these lines-who's written about this? (or 'wierd' math in general--who was the guy who 'proved' 1+1 didn't equal 2 ?--did anyone ever prove he was wrong??)

    why am i asking?....well, why has PI been taken to over 200 billion digits?
    Can one really say, 'it will never repeat'?
  12. Jan 16, 2004 #11
    No, you can't say there will never be a pattern, just that you cannot predict that there will be one, even after calculating the first 200 billion digits.

    One could positively show that it is terminating ... if you found the pattern.

    One cannot positively show that there is no pattern.

    Apart from the massively small chance that a pattern does emerge, the main reason for looking seems to be bench-testing of more-and-more powerful computers.

  13. Jan 16, 2004 #12


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    That ain't right. Pi was proved to be a transcendental number already way back in 1882. Therefore, no pattern. More info.
  14. Jan 16, 2004 #13


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    Assuming that by "pattern" you mean section of digits that then repeats, the rational number m/p where p is prime and m< p will have repeating section with p digits. Since there exists arbitrarily large prime numbers, the repeating section can be as large as you please.

    What exactly do you mean by "pattern"? Most of the responses here are using it to mean a section that repeats.
    It is fairly easy to show that if the decimal expansion of a number eventually consists of a section that then repeats, that number is rational. It is also fairly easy to show that pi is not rational and so never repeats.
  15. Jan 16, 2004 #14
    When I said that pi doesn't have a "pattern" I meant that it does not repeat. Almost any other notion of pattern is difficult to define mathematically.
  16. Jan 16, 2004 #15


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    Is this true? How about 1/3, which has only one repeating digit? Or 1/7, which has six?

    - Warren
  17. Jan 16, 2004 #16
    there are lots of irrational numbers that do have patterns. my favorite example is this one:


    one way to define whether a number has a pattern is to show that the number is normal. a number is normal if, loosely speaking, any finite sequence of digits appears about as frequently as it would for a random sequence of digits

    it is probable that pi is normal, but not proved, so in fact, there may be a pattern. in fact, people sometimes look for patterns in the digits of pi. we simply don t know if it has any. remember the movie Pi? i think that guy found the torah in the digits of pi, or something (of course, it was a work of fiction).
  18. Jan 16, 2004 #17
    Did you see the original question?

    We were all trying to help someone understand the nature of the difference between a rational number and a irrational one.

    So, I wouldn't dispute what you say, of course ... you're right ... but I'm not sure how much help ....
    ... would really be to someone who might not really know what 'rational' is.

    Also, krab and master_coda, thanks for pointing out that PI has been proved to be transcendental (and thus not rational), I could have misled someone there ... I wasn't precise enough. What I should have said was ...

    Suppose you didn't know whether PI was rational or not.

    Then ...
    ... makes more sense.

    What I trying to get our friend to get the gist of was this:

    If you look at the decimal expansion of any particular number upto to squillionth digit, and not see a terminating-repeating sequence of digits, that does not mean that is not rational. You gain no information that will help you predict whether it is rational or not.

  19. Jan 16, 2004 #18
    But I could argue that a number has a pattern as long as we have an algorithm for generating its digits.

    Perhaps it's best to avoid the use of the word "pattern", since it seems hard to define properly.
  20. Jan 16, 2004 #19


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    There are lots of algorithms to generate the digits of pi......

    - Warren
  21. Jan 16, 2004 #20
    Sorry, probably my fault for introducing the dreaded 'pattern' word.
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