I am a little confused by the following; When an isothermal expansion takes place there is negative work done on the gas by the pressure, this I understand. Now by the first law the change in internal energy is equal to the heat transferred to the gas plus the work done it. So now in my script is says that for this isothermal expansion to take place there must be heat transferred to the gas(in the same amount of the negative work done). Now this means that the internal energy of the gas at the end is equal to the internal energy at the beginning right? This doesn't really make sense to me. Wouldn't a large volume of gas have more energy than a small volume of gas at the same temperature? I hope this question makes sense.