I'll soon be studying Physics at the Univerty of Waterloo (Canada) and I was wondering what type of jobs are available once I have graduated, assuming I have a bachelor degree in Physics. Second question, if I get a Master's in Physics, what kind of jobs would there be? Third question, how does one attain a PhD in Physics? I see people posting that they have completed/are in the process of completion of their PhD in Physics and I was wondering how, such as in this thread: https://www.physicsforums.com/showthread.php?t=398268 Don't you have to publish twice amongst other things in order to get a PhD? I'm extremely uninformed.