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can u explain what is kinematic indeterminancy?

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- Thread starter rmrramani
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- #1

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can u explain what is kinematic indeterminancy?

- #2

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- #3

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- #4

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It's a structural engineering term.

Look at the attached sketches.

(1)**This situation is called Statically Determinate.**

Shows a simple pin jointed truss with 5 members.

It is supported at A and B and loaded in some way at D

It is also restrained from sideways movement at A, or load L would just push it sideways.

This is a**structure** because it does not change shape in response to load L. It remains a rectangle with one diagonal.

Since there are just enough equilibrium equations (horizontal, vertical and moments) we can completely determined the forces in the members, given L and the dimensions.

(2)**This situation is called Statically Indeterminate.**

Shows the same thing with one extra diagonal member added.

A little calculation will show that we no longer have enough equations to uniquely determine the member forces, although the reactions will not have changed.

(3)**This situation is called Kinematically Indeterminate.**

The same rectangle, but we have taken away both diagonals. This is no longer a structure it is now a**mechanism** because it can (and will) change shape to a parallelogram in response to load L.

Although it remains fixed at A and B, it is not possible to determine how far the rectangle collapse from the equations of equilibrium alone. So the situation is indeterminate and the member forces cannot be calculated from equilibrium.

Look at the attached sketches.

(1)

Shows a simple pin jointed truss with 5 members.

It is supported at A and B and loaded in some way at D

It is also restrained from sideways movement at A, or load L would just push it sideways.

This is a

Since there are just enough equilibrium equations (horizontal, vertical and moments) we can completely determined the forces in the members, given L and the dimensions.

(2)

Shows the same thing with one extra diagonal member added.

A little calculation will show that we no longer have enough equations to uniquely determine the member forces, although the reactions will not have changed.

(3)

The same rectangle, but we have taken away both diagonals. This is no longer a structure it is now a

Although it remains fixed at A and B, it is not possible to determine how far the rectangle collapse from the equations of equilibrium alone. So the situation is indeterminate and the member forces cannot be calculated from equilibrium.

- #5

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Studiot, thank you for this reply. It is both concise and precise.

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