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Kinematics Rolling motion off a cliff

  1. Jan 10, 2005 #1
    So I'm sure most everyone has come accross the problem where you have a smooth rolling object on an inclined plain that rolls off a roof or something and falls some distance x away from the roof. I can solve that because it usually gives me the distance along the incline and the angle of inclination and we assume conservation of energy and then use free fall equations and blah blah blah. What I can't seem to do is solve the last part of this problem where I'm given:
    A solid sphere of of negligable mass and radius so I=2/5M(Rsquared)
    Smooth rolling so we assume r(omega)=Vcom
    From an initial height of H=6.0 m along a very wavy descent to a final height of h=2.0 m where it falls off the edge and
    using the conservation of energy and plugging our stuff in
    at the end of the roof the Vcom= 5.29 m/(s) and the average speed=7.23m/s (found first part easy)
    I assume that the acceleration is constant (gravity) but that only comes into play on the last part because the normal force cancels it out while it is on the crazy ramp.
    so now where do I go from here to find the angle so I can calculate t and then calculate the distance it fell horizontally d to point A that is directly below the edge of the 2.0m roof. The answer is 4.8m but when I can't find my all my values to plug into my quadratic equation it is kinda pointless. I know it is some simple relation that I can't remember. I would like to use the freefall relationships but without my angle it doesn't mean anything. Is there an easier way?
    x(not)=0 Vx(not)=Vcos(theta) y=h=2.0m Vy(not)=-Vsin(theta)
    y=h-(Vsin(theta))t -1/2g(t(squared))
    Last edited: Jan 11, 2005
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 11, 2005 #2


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    The angle at which it leaves the roof? If that isn't given somewhere in the geometry of the situation, there isn't any way to calculate it. Exactly what is given?

    And what in the world do you mean by "the distance it fell horizontally d to point A that is directly below the edge of the 2.0m roof"? If it feel to a point directly below the roof isn't the horizontal distance 0? Or do you not really mean "directly below"?
  4. Jan 11, 2005 #3
    If some how one can find the distance it travelled along the roof , the angle of inclination can be found since we know the vertical displacement of the center of mass.
  5. Jan 11, 2005 #4
    Here is the problem and I attached a picture (you'll love my mad photoshop skills)
    In the picture a solid ball rolls smoothly from rest (starting at height H=6.0m) until it leaves the horizontal section at the end of the track at height h=2.0m. How far horizontally from point A does the ball hit the floor?

    If anyone has spent the money to buy the student solutions manual to the 7th ed of Halliday/Resnicks Fundamentals of Physics this problem is in there as #9 in Chp 11

    I should know how to do it by tomorrow and then I'll post the process cuz dang this was a tuffie.

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Jan 11, 2005
  6. Jan 12, 2005 #5
    Got it! and boy do I feel dumb

    :tongue2: So it was a much easier problem than I was making it out to be, had to go back all the way to Chp 3 for simple horizontal motion equation and then figured it out from there. Thanks for helping.
    Last edited: Jan 12, 2005
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