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Kinetic friction problem

1. Homework Statement
A 425 g block is at rest on a horizontal surface. The coefficient of static friction between the block and the surface is .770, and the coefficient of kinetic friction is .220. A force of magnitude P pushes the block forward and downward. Assume the force is aplied at an angle of 40°

a. Assuming P is large enought to made the block move, find the acceleration of the block as a function of P (Use P as necessary and round numbers to the third decimal place)

b. If P=11.13 N and then P=22.26, find the accelerations and the frictional forces exerted on the block

c. What is the minimum acceleration for the block when P is a minimum and motion is just ready to begin?




2. Homework Equations



3. The Attempt at a Solution

a. ΣFx=Pcosθ -f=ma
ΣFxy=N-mg-Psinθ=0

f=μN

Pcosθ-μΝ=ma

Pcosθ-μ(mg+sinθ)=ma

(cosθ/m)P-mg+(μsinθ/m)P

-mg+μsinθ/m +(cosθ/m)P=a

(-425g)(9.8m/s^2)+(.220sin40/425g)+(cos40/424)P=a

a=4165.001+.001P

b. P=11.13

a=4165.001+.001(11.13N)
4165.012

f=μΝ
N=(4165.012)(11.13)+425g(9.8m/s^2)

c. For part c. I was thinking about using Calculus to minimize the equation, would that work?

Could someone please tell me if this is correct so far and if it isn't could you please show me what to do?

Thank you very much
 

Answers and Replies

Could someone please tell me if this looks correct?

a.
μs=.770
μk=.220

ΣFx=max

ΣFx=Pcos40-f
f=μkN
may=0
0=Σfy=N-mg-Py
=N-mg-Psin40
=Pcos40-[.220(mg+Psin40)]
ΣFx=max
Pcos40-.220(mg+psin40)=max
pcos40/.425kg-.220(.425(9.8)+psin40)/.425=ax
1.47p-2.155=ax

b.P=11.13N
1.47(11.13N)-2.155=ax
ax=14.206m/s^2

f=μkN

=.220(9.8m/s^2)
f=2.156

c. I would then do the same thing for part c, right?

Thank you very much
 
Last edited:

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