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Kirchhoff's Laws

  1. Dec 28, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Say I have a circuit that splits into three parallel wires. They each have a resistors on them of 2, 3, and 4 ohms respectively. They reconnect and their final current is 10 Amps. Is there a more intuitive way to find the current on each wire based on the ratios of ohms, rather than finding the voltage and using that to find the individual currents?

    I know if the there were two parallel wires with resistors one each, I could sum the two R's together and use that as a denominator and the resistor of one wire as the numerator and multiply this fraction with the final current to find the current in the opposite wire. I want to know if this would work on more than 2 parallel wires and how. If it can, could somebody please explain using the example above.


    2. Relevant equations
    The sum of the currents from each wire should equal the final current after they are reconnected.

    Voltage is same across parallel resistors.

    Sum of R (parallel): R-1= ((1/R1) + (1/R2)...)

    V=IR

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Sum R = 0.923 ohms
    V = (10A)(0.923ohms) = 9.23V
    I1 = (9.23V)/(2ohms) = 4.615A
    I2 = (9.23V)/(3ohms) = 3.077A
    I3 = (9.23V)/(4ohms) = 2.308A
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 28, 2009 #2

    rl.bhat

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    Homework Helper

    Find the resistance R' of the parallel combination of 2 and 3 ohm.
    Then find the current in 4 ohm using the formula
    I' = I*R'/(R + R')
     
  4. Dec 28, 2009 #3
    oh! Duh. I can combine the other two resistors into one and compare it as a two wire problem. Too bad it's not intuitive enough as to just add and multiply things, since I need to find the inverse sum of the two resistors first. Thnx.
     
    Last edited: Dec 28, 2009
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