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Kirchoffs Laws

  1. Oct 31, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    I need to find all the values essentially across the entire circuit

    2. Relevant equations

    Kirchoffs First and Second Law

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Attempted to find currents and resistance multiple time; didn't know how to work with the two power sources or the capacitor

    An explanation of the assignment can be found here, along with a diagram of the circuit
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Oct 31, 2013
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 31, 2013 #2

    gneill

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Assume the switches have been closed for a while. Start by writing KVL around the AXYD loop. Show us what you get.
     
  4. Oct 31, 2013 #3
    As gneill put it, it helps to split them up, and get individual equations. I would split the circuit up into three different loops.

    loop AXYD

    loop XBCY

    loop ABCD

    And write out the equations in terms of voltages. V=IR. Also, don't forget to take into account that your current will split or join at a junction point.
     
  5. Oct 31, 2013 #4
    How do I account for the two voltage IN though. I'm sorry to put you through this but can you show me an example of say AXYD so I can figure out how to do it? I was never taught how, just handed the formula.
     
  6. Oct 31, 2013 #5
    It will probably be easiest for you to first designate your currents through the loops. Which, you can choose arbitrarily. So, to start you off, I would compel you to glance at the end of page 3 in your attached pdf, to give you something to look at, when taking into account Kirchoff's second law.

    So along, imagine the current I1 traveling along the wire from Y→D→A→X . You'll notice that the wire doesn't split along this path, so the current through that length of the wire is the same. When you get to X, you'll notice the wire splits, and thus, the current must split into two different paths.

    So, (again, I would recommend you to look at the figure in your notes), let's say the current splits into I2 and I3 . I2 follows the wire from X→B→C→Y , while I3 goes from X→Y

    In this case, this means the current splits. I1 = I2 + I3

    Now that we can identify each individual current, it makes it a LOT easier to follows Kirchoff's first law. That the total voltages over the whole loop should be equal to zero.

    In conjunction with Ohm's law, you can write out these equations for each loop.

    (I know this may sound super confusing, with all these laws, but it's not that bad)

    So just write each loop in terms of V
     
  7. Oct 31, 2013 #6
    To help start you off to better understand, let's go around the loop from Y→D→A→X→Y

    We'll hit the resistor of 820Ω. Since we already defined the current I1 traveling through this part of the wire,

    V820Ω = I1(820Ω)

    now following this along clockwise

    V820Ω + V5V + V180Ω + V680Ω + V3.3V + V220Ω = 0

    I1(820Ω) - 5V +I1(180Ω) + I3(680Ω) + 3.3V + I3(220Ω) = 0

    You're just changing everything to voltages to be able to apply Kirchoff's first law, that all voltages in a loop must equal 0.

    Now do that for each of the two other loops A→B→C→D→A and X→B→C→Y→X
     
  8. Nov 1, 2013 #7
    Alright, I'll try it myself on this one again (so I learn how to do it!) and the other two in the morning. Thank you for your help!
     
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