# Laser Diffraction (1 Viewer)

### Users Who Are Viewing This Thread (Users: 0, Guests: 1)

#### G01

Homework Helper
Gold Member
A helium neon laser ($$\lambda$$ = 633nm. is built out of a glass tube 1.0mm, 1 X 10^-3m, in diameter. One mirror is partialy transparent letting the laser beam out. An electrical discharge causes the tube to glow like a neon light. From ans optical perspective, the laser beam is a light wave that diffracts out through a 1.0mm diameter circular opening.

a) can the beam ever be perfectly parallel? No because there will always be diffraction.
b) Whst is the minimum divergence angle, $$\theta_1$$, of the beam.

This is a circular aperture so the angle of divergence is:

$$\frac{1.22\lambda}{D}$$ where D is the diameter of the aperture.

So the angle is $$\theta_1 = \frac{1.22(633X10^{-9})}{1X10^{-3}} = 7.7X10^{-4} radians.$$

The above answer is apparently wrong but I can't figure out why.

c) What is the diameter of the laser beam after it has traveled 3.0m

$$w = \frac{2.44\lambda L}{D} = .004m$$
This is also wrong. The actual answer is .002m, but again. I don't know why.

d) the diamter after 1.0km? This involes the same method as part c and agin I got it wrong. What am I missing here thats screwing me up. Thank you for the help.

### The Physics Forums Way

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving