(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Simultaneous Laser Emission on Two Lines

Consider the multi-level system show in the figure where amplification can occur at frequencies [tex]\omega_{12}[/tex] and [tex]\omega_{21}[/tex]. The arrow "triplets" are meant to indicate the 3 Einstein absorption and emission processes that take place between levels 2 and 3. Write down the population rate equations for levels 1, 2 and 3.

The figure is attached.

My problem is: I don't know if I have to introduce the pumping power inside the population rate equations.

2. Relevant equations

Ni=number of particles in level i

Between levels 1 and 2 we have:

[tex]\downarrow \uparrow \downarrow[/tex]

first down arrow: spontaneous trasition rate

[tex]N_{2}A_{21}[/tex]

up arrow: absorption rate

[tex]N_{1}B_{12}W(\omega_{12})[/tex]

second down arrow: stimulated emission rate

[tex]N_{2}A_{21}W(\omega_{12}[/tex]

3. The attempt at a solution

For level 3 I have:

[tex]dN_{3}/dt = - N_{3}A_{31} + N_{1}B_{13}W(\omega_{13}) - N_{3}B_{31}W(\omega_{13})[/tex]

Level 2:

[tex]dN_{2}/dt= - N_{2}A_{21} + N_{1}B_{12}W(\omega_{12}) - N_{2}B_{21}W(\omega_{12})[/tex]

Level 1:

[tex]dN_{1}/dt = - dN_{3}/dt - dN_{2}/dt - N_{1}R{1}[/tex]

Should I add P3 to level 3 and P2 to level 2?

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# Laser:population rate equation

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