LaTex tabular environment

  1. Mapes

    Mapes 2,532
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Hi folks,

    Quick LaTex question: the following code produces a space before "Depth..." in the second row. How on earth do I make it go away?

    \begin{table}
    \centering
    \caption{Possible definitions of critical depth or thickness for traction-exerting cells on 2-D substrates.}
    \vspace{0.05 in}
    \begin{footnotesize}
    \begin{raggedright}
    \begin{tabular}{|p{4in} p{2in} |}
    \hline \rule{0pt}{3ex}
    & Effect of increasing \\
    Definition & substrate stiffness \\[3pt]
    \hline \rule{0pt}{3ex}
    Depth at which a certain strain $\epsilon_{xx}$ exists [Krishnan et al] & Decrease $\left(\propto\!\sqrt{\frac{T}{\mu}}\right)$ \\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that attenuates adhesion site displacement by a certain percentage (characterized by $U_1$)& Independent $\left(\propto a\right)$ \\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that attenuates adhesion site distortion by a certain percentage (characterized by $U_2$)& Independent $\left(\propto a\right)$ \\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that attenuates cell traction force microscopy measurements by a certain percentage & Independent $\left(\propto r\right)$\\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that maintains a certain cell behavior & Increase\\[3pt]
    \hline
    \end{tabular}
    \label{table:definitions}
    \end{raggedright}
    \end{footnotesize}
    \end{table}

    Thanks for your help.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. CRGreathouse

    CRGreathouse 3,682
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper

    Just take out \rule{0pt}{3ex} before it.
     
  4. Mapes

    Mapes 2,532
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    No doubt, this removes the annoying space. But it also removes a most desirable horizontal line and the associated leading under it.
     
  5. Mapes

    Mapes 2,532
    Science Advisor
    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Ugh, I knew I would figure it out as soon as I posted. Simply removing the carriage space after \rule{0pt}{3ex} removes the problem. The corrected code is below. CRGreathouse, thanks for your suggestion.

    \begin{table}
    \centering
    \caption{Possible definitions of critical depth or thickness for traction-exerting cells on 2-D substrates.}
    \vspace{0.05 in}
    \begin{footnotesize}
    \begin{raggedright}
    \begin{tabular}{|p{4in} p{2in} |}
    \hline \rule{0pt}{3ex}
    & Effect of increasing \\
    Definition & substrate stiffness \\[3pt]
    \hline \rule{0pt}{3ex}Depth at which a certain strain $\epsilon_{xx}$ exists [Krishnan et al] & Decrease $\left(\propto\!\sqrt{\frac{T}{\mu}}\right)$ \\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that attenuates adhesion site displacement by a certain percentage (characterized by $U_1$)& Independent $\left(\propto a\right)$ \\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that attenuates adhesion site distortion by a certain percentage (characterized by $U_2$)& Independent $\left(\propto a\right)$ \\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that attenuates cell traction force microscopy measurements by a certain percentage & Independent $\left(\propto r\right)$\\[3pt]
    Coating thickness that maintains a certain cell behavior & Increase\\[3pt]
    \hline
    \end{tabular}
    \label{table:definitions}
    \end{raggedright}
    \end{footnotesize}
    \end{table}
     
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