Lewis Acid and Base

  • Thread starter terryds
  • Start date
  • #1
392
13

Homework Statement



In the reaction with NH3, is specy BH3 a Lewis base ?

Homework Equations


Lewis acid = electron acceptor
Lewis base = electron donor

The Attempt at a Solution



H electronegativity = 2.1
B electronegativity = 2.0
N electronegativity = 3
Since N-H bond is more electronegative than B-H bond, NH3 is more electronegative than BH3 which means that NH3 is more easily to accept electron. So, NH3 is Lewis acid, BH3 is Lewis base

Is it correct??
My book says that NH3 is the base with no reason, and I doubt that.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
36
3
A good way to analyse the above problem would be to draw the Lewis structures.There is a reason it is named after G.N. Lewis!
 
  • #3
392
13
A good way to analyse the above problem would be to draw the Lewis structures.There is a reason it is named after G.N. Lewis!
Alright,
Based on Lewis structure, NH3 have three pair of bonding electrons and one pair of free electrons while BF3 have three pair of bonding electrons.

and then? How to determine which one is base or acid ?
 
  • #4
36
3
So the electron configuration is something like this
Untitled.png


So i think this might help
 
  • Like
Likes terryds
  • #5
36
3
My teacher Told me if it has an empty orbital ->Lewis acid
Otherwise its most likely ->Lewis base
 
  • Like
Likes terryds
  • #6
392
13
Thanks! I got it!
 
Last edited:

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