Main Question or Discussion Point
What is the highest possible energy per beam that the LHC can handle?
Check this site out it has a lot of information and even a few comparisons: http://www.lhc-closer.es/php/index.php?i=1&s=4&p=4&e=0"What is the highest possible energy per beam that the LHC can handle?
Yes, the numbers quoted are per proton. It was designed to run at 7 TeV per proton (or a center-of-mass collision energy of 14 TeV). In light of the problems they had with the magnets, they decided that to avoid risk they will run for ~2 years at 3.5 TeV beam energy, and then shut down to replace all the interconnects before resuming and ramping up to full design energy.I guess that you think of energy per proton and not per beam.
That is a lot of energy, and the LHC detectors might produce 10^34 collisions per second and per cm^2. A layman would assume that there is a lot of heat produced going one, but these collisions happen in a vacuum, where heat transfer is only possible by conduction and/or radiation. Where does the energy actually goes? And if there is a cooling installation doesn't this affect the results?Actually turning the thing off and getting rid of this energy without making a mess is a bit part of the design
That's cool, and what happens to the temperature in rooms where the collisions are do these detectors get red hot?The LHC beam dumper is located in point 6 of the main ring. Basically it will take a magnet and deflect each beam into a very large concrete and iron lined, water cooled carbon chamber which absorbs the beam.
Note that the 350 MJ refers to dumping the entire beam. The collisions that are being studied only happen a few at a time, so the resulting ~10^-6 J of total energy added to the detectors as a whole from each event is negligible (as far as I know anyway).That's cool, and what happens to the temperature in rooms where the collisions are do these detectors get red hot?