Hi, my question stems from Zwiebach's book - A First Course in String Theory, in specific, the chapter on "special relativity and extra dimensions".(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

He introduces light-cone coordinates as follows:

x+ = 1/sqrt(2) (x0 + x1) ....... (1)

x- = 1/sqrt(2) (x0 - x1) ........ (2)

Here x^mu = (x0, x1) = (ct, x)

He goes on to say that:

"For a beam of light moving in the positive x1 direction, we have x1 = ct = x0, and

thus x− = 0. The line x− = 0 is, by definition, the x+ axis. For a beam of light

moving in the negative x1 direction, we have x1 = −ct = −x0, and thus x+ = 0. This

corresponds to the x− axis. The x± axes are lines at 45◦ with respect to the x0, x1 axes."

What I don't understand is that in his explanation, it looks like he is treating equations (1) and (2) as purelyscalarequations e.g. for the x1 = ct = x0 case, we get x- = 0 from eq (2). But then again, (1) and (2) cannot represent a coordinate system as there is no inherent directionality presented - these are just scalar quantities. So I begin to think that (1) and (2) should be representing unitvectorquantities (note the 1/sqrt(2)). In this case you cannot follow his argument and get x- = 0 by setting x1 = ct = x0. It will instead result in a non-zero vector.

I am confused as to the logic steps he is taking here - scalars or vectors....

Any help most appreciated.

V.

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# Light-cone coordinates

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