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Light in a Lighthouse

  1. Oct 26, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A light in a revolving lighthouse located 1 mile away from a straight shoreline turns at 1 revolution per minute. Find the speed of the spot of light along the shore when it is 2 miles away from the point of shore nearest the light.

    2. Relevant equations

    [itex]\frac{dx}{dt} = \frac{dx}{d\theta} \frac{d\theta}{dt}[/itex]

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Here is my solution, although I don't know if it (and the answer it produces) is correct or not

    Let the lighthouse be point O. Construct a circle with radius 2 around O, and a chord such that the distance from O to the midpoint of the chord is 1. Let the midpoint of the chord be point M, and one of the intersections of the chord with the circle be point N. Now let half the length of the chord be x.

    We have [itex]\tan{\theta} = x[/itex], so [itex]\frac{dx}{d\theta} = \sec^2{\theta}[/itex]. This also equals [itex]1 + \tan^2{\theta}[/itex], or [itex]1+x^2[/itex]. Since x=2, it's basicaaly 5.

    Now [itex]\frac{dx}{dt} = \frac{dx}{d\theta} \frac{d\theta}{dt}[/itex]. [itex]\frac{dx}{d\theta}[/itex] is [itex]\sec^2{\theta}[/itex], and [itex]\frac{\text{d} \theta}{\text{dt}}[/itex] is [itex]2\pi[/itex], so the answer is [itex]\boxed{10\pi}[/itex].
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 26, 2011
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 26, 2011 #2

    Mark44

    Staff: Mentor

    Mod note: I removed all of the \text stuff in your LaTeX. Now it renders correctly.
     
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