when we build something we must have a starting point or a foundation, something constant. physics should be no exception. lets use some basic human logic here. where is the logical foundation for physics? what in out universe is constant? most physical laws are based in or on some theory of the function of light(even if light was not included) example: what is an atom? how do we measure it? we assume that it is a nucleus with posative and negative orbitals (and guess that there may be such orbitals within the nucleus also) but how do we know? we measure its effect with things like x-ray, microwave, electron wave so on. then we graph the results. We probably have a close picture of what an atom is, but it would be purly accidental. All of the tools we use to measure such things use Light as the medium. the problem with this is that we do not account for light in the equation. Light is the only thing in the universe that has no motion, yes has appearant velocity. We could also say that light has motion yet no appearant mass. If we apply the "speed of light" to our physical equations we comeoup with astonomical numbers that leave us feeling insignificant in the grand scheme of things. however, since we know light is constant (light travel at the same speed no matter how fast our appearant frame of referance moves) isent it a little presumptious of us to assume that it is light that is moveing and us that is at rest. Especially since we know without doubt that we are not at rest. reguardless weather we are moving or it is light that is moveing, light is still the constant in our reality, and therefor the fundemental foundation for all knowlege and all things. So how do we value light? Here is my particular paradox, light is absolute so lets give it a value so we may calculate all other things. If light has no motion then is it massless and therefor should be "zero" however, light has affect so at the very least it should be numbered "one" lets let light = 1 and the absence of light = 0 (rudementary digital) the problem here is, "what exactly is the absence of light?" we find that our reality is only one side of the equation. SO there must be ANTI-MATTER or a parallel existance? But lets work with what we know. lets build our models based on light as the universal constant and give it a value of 1. I am not a mathmatician so i will leave that up to you guys, i will however provide you with some possible starting points in later posts.