# Homework Help: Limit of Sequence

1. Nov 11, 2006

### merced

$$a_n = 2^n/(3^n + 1)$$

Find the limit as n -> infinity

So I separated the fraction into $$(1/3)(2/3)^n$$

Then limit = 1/3 $$lim_(n->infinity) (2/3)^n.$$

So, my question is, how do you find the limit $$(2/3)^n.$$ Is analysis of functions simply enough, i.e. looking at how fast they increase?

2. Nov 11, 2006

### quasar987

How did you transform a_n into $$(1/3)(2/3)^n$$???

Btw - is this for a real analysis class or some intro calculus class?

3. Nov 11, 2006

### merced

Oops, sorry, I guess I didn't look hard enough at my post.

It's really $$a_n = \frac{2^n}{3^{n+1}}$$

And it's Calculus II

4. Nov 12, 2006

### quasar987

Oh ok.

Didn't you see the general result that if -1<a<1, then $a^n\rightarrow 0$?

If not, and if you've seen a little bit of series theory, you can prove it this way: You know that the geometric series $\sum a^n$ converges for -1<a<1 and diverges otherwise. And you've also seen the basic necessary criterion for a series to converge, namely that the general term $a_n$ of any converging series goes to zero in the limit n-->infty.

So you can make use of these two fact by saying "I know that the geometric series of general term $a_n=a^n$ (where -1<a<1) converges, hence it must be that $a_n=a^n\rightarrow 0$ for -1<a<1."

Last edited: Nov 12, 2006
5. Nov 12, 2006

### merced

Ok, I get what you're saying...but why is -1<a<1 here?

6. Nov 12, 2006

### quasar987

I proved that for any real number a btw -1 and 1, the limit of a^n is zero.

In particular, for a=2/3, we have that the limit of (2/3)^n is zero. Which is what you were wondering about.

7. Nov 12, 2006

### merced

Ooh, ok, I understand now.

Thanks!