# Limits & Rationals help please

1. Apr 3, 2006

### Hollysmoke

Hi, I'm having trouble with a couple limits because I'm not sure how to answer them exactly...

a)lim x-> infinity 10^1/x (sorry i don't know how to use LaTex)

b) lim x-> 3 x^-2 - 3^-2 / x-3
Now since this one is 0/0, I tried to factor it but I'm not sure HOW to factor it.

2. Apr 3, 2006

### HallsofIvy

Staff Emeritus
I take it you mean 10^(1/x). You could do that as 101/x in html or $$10^{\frac{1}{x}}$$ in Latex (click on that to see the code. What does 1/x go to as x-> infinity? What is 10 to that power?

If you don't use Latex, PLEASE use parentheses. I assume you mean
(x^(-2)- 3^(-2))/(x- 3). Did you consider multiplying numerator and denominator by x^2? That gives you (1- x^2/9)/(x^2(x-3)). If you REALLY don't like fractions multiply numerator and denominator by 9= 3^2. That gives (9- x^2)/(9x^2(x-3)). Can you factor that?

3. Apr 3, 2006

### Hollysmoke

1) As x-> infinity, 1/x = 0, therefore 10^0 = 1

2) How come you multiplied x^2? (Our teacher was teaching us that we factor if, when the limit is put in and you get 0/0, that you should factor)

4. Apr 3, 2006

### HallsofIvy

Staff Emeritus
Because it gives you something you CAN factor! You seemed to be having difficulty with the negative powers, I got rid of them.

Of course, you know that a^2- b^2= (a-b)(a+b) so you certainly could do x^(-2)- 3^(-2)= (a^(-1))^2- (3^(-1))^2= (a^(-1)- 3^(-1))(a^(-1)+ 3^(-1)) That would also work.

5. Apr 3, 2006