# Linear programming

All-Easy manufactures three products whose unit profits are $1,$9 and $5, respectively. The company has budgeted 70 hrs. of labor time and 45 hours of machine time for the production of three products. The labor requirements per unit of products A,B C are 2, 3 and 5 hours, respectively. The corresponding machine time requirements per unit are 1, 4 and 5 hour. All-Easy regards the budgeted labor and machine hours as goals that must be exceeded, if necessary,but at the additional cost of$15 per labor hour and $5 per machine hour. Formulate the problem as an LP model. Doubts w/ solutions: I let x = no. of units of product A, y = no. of units of product B, z = no. of units of product C. Maximize: z = x + 9y + 5z (profit) subject to: 2x + 3y + 5z <= 70 (labor hrs.) x + 4y + 5z <= 45 (machine hrs.) x,y,z >= 0 "All-Easy regards the budgeted labor and machine hours as goals that must be exceeded, if necessary, but at the additional cost of$15 per labor hour and $5 per machine hour." - if I were to make mathematical model out of these, am i going to adjust my objective function or my constraints or both? How? ## Answers and Replies Let u = additional labor hours, and v = additional machine hours. How do they affect your profit, and how do they affect your constraint functions? Express it algebraically. I got this idea... so at least, I can show you where am I... got stuck We have a constraint on Labor: 2x + 3y + 5z <= 70, but it can be exceeded ... at extra cost. If 2x + 3y + 5z is greater than 70, it costs an additional$15/hour.

The excess is: (2x + 3y + 5z - 70) hours which costs $15/hr. The extra labor cost is: 15(2x + 3y + 5z- 70) dollars, which, of course, reduces the profit. Similarly, we have a constraint on Machine time: x + 4y + 5z <= 45 which can be exceeded ... at extra cost. The excess is (x + 4y + 5z - 45) hours which costs$5/hr.
The extra machine cost is: 5(x + 4y + 5z - 45) dollars,
which also reduces the profit.

is this correct? Can I relate it to what you've replied... and um, that's it, how will I re-formulate my LP model?

OK, but remember that your labor hours are no longer limited to 70.
franz32 said:
Maximize: z = x + 9y + 5z (profit)
subject to:
2x + 3y + 5z <= 70 (labor hrs.)
x + 4y + 5z <= 45 (machine hrs.)
x,y,z >= 0
I would also not use "z" to represent profit, since you are already using it for product C. :)

Maximize: P = x + 9y + 5z - 5u - 15v (profit)
subject to:
2x + 3y + 5z <= 70 + u (labor hrs.)
x + 4y + 5z <= 45 + v (machine hrs.)
x,y,z,u,v >= 0

And if the goals must be exceeded, you have actual equality:
2x + 3y + 5z = 70 + u (labor hrs.)
x + 4y + 5z = 45 + v (machine hrs.)
Solving for u and v in those get you the two relationships you mention in your post.

Um... I did understand about it.... but if I were to write the final part as my model for the LP, it seems that it is "unstable"... bec. I am following the standard form of a LP model...

The final part? you mean the two equalities?

yes.. bec. I don't feel that my model is a formal one yet... =)

The equalities are the bounding surfaces, and the solution is found on the surface--the vertices, in fact.