I'm looking at a coordinate system where [itex] \vec{s} [/itex] is tangential to the ideal beam path [itex] \vec{S}(s) [/itex], and x and y are the horizontal and vertical displacement of the beam from this path s. I'm not understanding why a linear approximation of the momentum in the x direction would be [itex] p_x \approx px' [/itex] where [itex] x' = \frac{dx}{ds} [/itex]. I know in general what a linear approximation is (from the Taylor Series), but I can't seem to understand how it applies to the momentum in this coordinate system. If someone could point me in the right direction it would really help me out. One confusing thing is that it seems to me like x' should be undefined because s and x are perpendicular coordinates.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

Edit: Never mind, I figured it out.

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# Linear Transport Question

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