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Homework Help: Liquid Flow problem

  1. Dec 13, 2004 #1
    "A liquid is flowing through a horizontal pipe whose radius is 0.10m. The pipe bends straight up for 10.0m and joins another horizontal pipe whose radius is 0.20m. It was found that the pressure in the lower pipe and the upper pipe were the same. What is the speed in the lower pipe? [An image shows this that the higher pipe is 10m above it."

    I'm just checking if this is right, any help - thanks.

    I used Bernoulli's Equation of
    [tex]P_{1} + \frac{1}{2} \rho v_{1}^2 + \rho gy_{1} = P_{2} + \frac{1}{2} \rho v_{2}^2 + \rho gy_{2}[/tex]
    [Initial conditions = Final conditions, where P=pressure, v=velocity, [tex]\rho[/tex]=density, and y=height]

    Since it said "a liquid" i knew [tex]\rho[/tex]=[tex]\rho[/tex], and the pressure is the same so [tex]P_{1}[/tex]=[tex]P_{1}[/tex]. So I removed Pressure from both sides, and removed [tex]\rho[/tex].

    The new equation:

    [tex]\frac{1}{2} v_{1}^2 + gy_{1} = \frac{1}{2} v_{2}^2 + gy_{2}[/tex]

    since [tex]y_{1} = 0[/tex], it becomes: [tex]\frac{1}{2}v_{1}^2 = \frac{1}{2}v_{2}^2 + (9.8)(10)[/tex]

    then I plugged that equation into [tex]Av_{1} = Av_{2}[/tex] [area times velocity = area times velocity, 2equations-2unknowns.]

    I solved for the first velocity getting 14.44m/s.

    **Can anyone confirm if this is the right way? -Thanks in advance.
    Last edited: Dec 13, 2004
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 13, 2004 #2


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    Homework Helper

    Yes, this is what i got

    [tex] \frac{1}{2}v_{2}^2 + gh = \frac{1}{2}v_{1}^2 [/tex]

    For solving this you need the Flow Continuity equation

    [tex] A_{1}v_{1} = A_{2}v_{2} [/tex]

    Just like you did

    Good work! :smile:
  4. Dec 13, 2004 #3
    Awsome, thank you so much. :approve:
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