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Logarithms question

  1. Dec 11, 2004 #1
    if log2 = x and log3 = y, solve for log(base5)36 in terms of x and y.

    how do i even get started on this? i'm really confused with logs.
     
    Last edited: Dec 11, 2004
  2. jcsd
  3. Dec 11, 2004 #2

    Tide

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    This seems like a rather roundabout way of doing things. In any case ...

    I assume those logarithms are base 10 in which case, by definition of logarithm, we have

    [tex]10^x = 2[/tex]
    [tex]10^y = 3[/tex]

    Let [itex]z = \log_5 10[/itex] which means [itex]5^z = 10[/itex]. But

    [tex]5 = 2 + 3 = 10^x + 10^y[/tex]

    so that

    [tex]5^z = \left(10^x + 10^y\right)^z = 10[/tex]

    IOW I'm not sure I see the point of the problem!

    from which

    [tex]z \log \left( 10^x + 10^z\right) = \log 10 = 1[/tex]

    and finally

    [tex]z = \frac {1}{\log \left( 10^x + 10^z \right)}[/tex]


    Of course, a direct approach would have led to

    [tex]\log_5 10 = \frac {\log 10}{\log_{10} 5} = \frac {1}{\log 5}[/tex]
     
  4. Dec 11, 2004 #3
    thanks, but i'm not sure if that is correct (the teacher actually said it was quite simple). the last question was something like a^2 + b^2 for the answer. i'll post a little bit of what i got, i'm not sure if this is right
     

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  5. Dec 11, 2004 #4
    Do you realize that your original question is about log_5(10), but the handwritten thing you posted now is about log_5(36)?
     
  6. Dec 11, 2004 #5
    now i do :blushing: its supposed to be log_5(36)
     
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