Low Dimensional Topology

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http://arxiv4.library.cornell.edu/abs/1101.3216 [Broken]
Fivebranes and Knots
Edward Witten
146 pages
(Submitted on 17 Jan 2011)
Abstract
We develop an approach to Khovanov homology of knots via gauge theory (previous physics-based approches involved other descriptions of the relevant spaces of BPS states). The starting point is a system of D3-branes ending on an NS5-brane with a nonzero theta-angle. On the one hand, this system can be related to a Chern-Simons gauge theory on the boundary of the D3-brane worldvolume; on the other hand, it can be studied by standard techniques of $S$-duality and $T$-duality. Combining the two approaches leads to a new and manifestly invariant description of the Jones polynomial of knots, and its generalizations, and to a manifestly invariant description of Khovanov homology, in terms of certain elliptic partial differential equations in four and five dimensions

Here is a link for more information about his research and what it is attempting to achieve: http://ldtopology.wordpress.com/2011/01/20/newsflash-wittens-new-preprint/
 
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