# Magnetic dipole moment

1. ### thenewbosco

187
Hello, i have absolutely no clue on how to start this one:

a sphere of radius R has a uniform volume charge density $$\rho$$.
Determine the magnetic dipole moment of the sphere when it rotates as a rigid body with angular velocity $$\omega$$ about an axis through its center.

thanks for the help on this one

2. ### Psi-String

79
Maybe you can divide the sphere in to many rings. Each ring is a magnetic dipole moment, which magnitude is

$$\mu = iA$$

Then integrate them.

By the way, what's the given answer?
Is it

$$\frac{4}{15} \rho \omega \pi R^5$$ ?

Last edited: Jan 30, 2006
3. ### thenewbosco

187
hello, i do not have the answer at this time, but i tried your method you describe and got the same as you without the 15 in the denominator. can you explain how you ended up with 4/15?

thanks

4. ### Psi-String

79
Hi. There was R^5 and sin^3 in my integration so it ended up with 4/15. It seems that we have some difference from the start. If we use the same idea, it should come out the same result. Can you post you equation?

Thanks

Last edited: Jan 30, 2006
5. ### thenewbosco

187
heres what i have done:

since $$dV \rho = dq$$ and $$dt=\frac{2\pi}{\omega}$$ so that $$I=\frac{dq}{dt}=\frac{dV\omega\rho}{2\pi}$$

now since magnetic moment is $$\mu=IA$$ i wrote $$d\mu = \frac{dV\omega\rho}{2\pi}dA$$ then for a sphere the differential volume element i used was $$dV= r^2 sin\theta dr d\theta d\phi$$

putting this all together i have
$$\mu = \frac{\omega\rho}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{R}r^2 dr\int_{0}^{\pi}sin\theta d\theta\int_{0}^{2\pi}d\phi\int dA$$

where $$\int dA = volume of sphere = \frac{4}{3}\pi r^3$$

6. ### Psi-String

79
This is the difference.

I think that we can obtain a circle by intersecting a plan and the sphere. There are many many diffrential rings on the circle, each has area

$$r^2 sin^2 \phi \pi$$

A bigger ring will involve a small one, so

$$\int dA \neq \frac{4}{3} \pi R^3$$

My solution is similar as yours:

A ring has charge

$$q=2 \pi r sin \phi r d \phi dr \rho$$

so each ring has

$$i=2 \pi r sin \phi r d \phi dr \rho \frac{\omega}{2 \pi}$$

magnetic moment $$\mu = iA$$ $$A =r^2 sin^2 \phi$$

put this all together

$$\mu = \rho \omega \pi \int_{0}^{R}\int_{0}^{\pi} r^4 sin^3 \phi dr d \phi$$

Last edited: Jan 31, 2006
7. ### thenewbosco

187
i am wondering what angle phi is on yours, i have used phi and theta as in spherical polar coordinates, while you have only theta. can you describe what this is. thanks

8. ### Psi-String

79
$$\theta_{yours} = \phi_{mine}$$

$$\int_{0}^{2 \pi} d \phi_{yours} = 2 \pi_{mine}$$

I'm not 100% sure whether my solution and answer are right or not.
If you have other ideas or know the correct answer, plz tell me.
Thanks a lot

Last edited: Jan 31, 2006
9. ### thenewbosco

187
just wondering how you have for area that

$$A=r^2 sin^2\phi$$

otherwise your solution looks right to me

10. ### Psi-String

79
Oh I'm sorry! It should be

$$A= r^2 sin^2 \phi \pi$$

Sorry for mistake.

11. ### eyenkay

7
(sorry for all the greek letters in superscript, I don't know why it's doing that...)

I am doing this same question except the sphere only carries a uniform surface charge $$\sigma$$. I then obtain the final answer

$$4/3$$$$\pi$$R$$\omega\sigma$$

Which is equivalent to

Volume of Sphere x $$\omega\sigma$$ (+z direction)

Would this be the correct answer?

The only real difference when doing the question is that I only needed to integrate wrt theta instead of over the whole volume since all the charge lies on the surface.

12. ### klp_l123

9
the correct answer is 1/3*q*(R^2)*w ... now calculate it correctly ....