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Magnetic induction

  1. Jan 7, 2007 #1
    hello



    *We are able to explain why current is induced when piece of wire inside MF is pulled with force F[pull] ( wire is thus moving perpendicular to MF or at some angle ):











    *We can also explain why even if piece of wire is at rest, but instead MF is moving, a current is created inside that wire:




    Even my book says that if wire is moved parallel with magnetic field lines then there isn't any induced voltage and no current runs and thus no force opposes F[pull].
    But then pages later my book suddenly tells us that induced current runs whenever there is change in magnetic flux. And it provides us with an example:


    a)

    Now in the examples A1 and A2 one was able to explain why current was induced without the need to resort to magnetic flux lines. But how can we explain why magnetic field exerts force on charges inside coil C2? Unlike with example A2, here even if we pretend that MF is at rest and instead charges are moving in downward direction, the fact remains that charges are moving parallel to magnetic field lines and thus MF shouldn’t exert any force on charges inside coil C2, no matter how much magnetic flux is changing!



    b)

    IMPORTANT - Even if one accepts the fact that if strength of MF is changing that will cause induced current, but why can both cases ( one where charge is moving and other where strength of MF itself is changing ) be explained by the same formula --> U[induced] = Flux / t

    Flux … change in magnetic flux
    t … time


    ?

    With wire moving through the magnetic field we can rationalize why MF created induced current. But if strength of MF itself is changing ( while charge in a wire is at rest ) there is no apparent reason, or even if there is some apparent reason, it's not due to charge weakening MF on one side and strengthening it on the other side.
    So why does same formula work for both cases?



    bye
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 7, 2007 #2

    ranger

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    There need not be any "charge" in C2 for the magnetic flux to influence. C2 can be without power, which it is. Current flowing in a wire will induce a magnetic field that is concentric around the wire. Consider this diagram:
    http://sol.sci.uop.edu/~jfalward/physics17/chapter9/fieldnearwire.jpg
    When the power is turned on to the first coil, a magnetic will "spring into being", filling the space around it. And since C2 is in its vicinity, there will be induced current as the changing magnetic flux cuts across C2

    All of your cases have one thing in common, the magnetic flux being cut by the object is changing per unit time. Whether its being cut becuase of a changing magnetic field or moving object. This is all thats needed to induce a current using a magnetic field.. You dont need to complicate things.
     
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