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Major Physics Experiments

  1. Nov 14, 2009 #1
    * I'm looking for a list of the major physics experiments on the internet that will show how the present understanding of electromagnetic radiation, sound, atomic and molecular structure etc came about.
    * So far I've only found the following lists. Once I find a more complete list of the people who did the major experiments, then I hope to look through each one in more detail and try to get a summary of each. I'd appreciate if anyone can link me to more thorough lists - and sites with good summaries of the experiments would be nice too.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_experiments" [Broken]
    1. mechanics: Al-Khazini
    2. rainbow: Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
    3. motion of rolling balls: Galileo Galilei
    4. torsion: Henry Cavendish
    5. double-slit light diffraction: Thomas Young
    6. electricity & compass: Hans Christian Ørsted
    7. heat: James Prescott Joule
    8. sound: Christian Doppler
    9. pendulum: Léon Foucault
    10. magnet & voltage: Edwin Hall
    11. aether: Michelson-Morley
    12. radio waves: Guglielmo Marconi
    13. cathode rays: J. J. Thomson
    14. inertia & gravity: Roland von Eötvös
    15. electric charge of oil drops: Robert Millikan
    16. superconductivity: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes
    17. atomic nucleus: Ernest Rutherford
    18. gravitational lensing: Arthur Eddington
    19. particle spin: Otto Stern and Walther Gerlach
    20. atomic fission: Enrico Fermi
    21. nuclear disintegration: John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton
    22. nuclear reactor: Enrico Fermi
    23. atomic bomb: The Manhattan Project
    24. transistor: John Bardeen and Walter Brattain
    25. neutrino: Clyde L. Cowan and Frederick Reines
    26. time dilation: The Scout rocket
    27. quantum entanglement: Alain Aspect
    28. Bose-Einstein condensate: Eric Cornell and Carl Wieman

    http://physics-animations.com/Physics/English/top_ref.htm"
    30. Double-slit electron diffraction: Claus Jönsson
    31. falling objects: Galileo Galilei
    32. prism light spectrum: Isaac Newton
    33. measurement of Earth's circumference: Eratosthenes

    http://www.slideshare.net/kmitaksov/atomic-experiments-regular-fall07" [Broken]
     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 4, 2017
  2. jcsd
  3. Nov 14, 2009 #2
    Last edited: Nov 14, 2009
  4. Nov 14, 2009 #3
    * I found these in the Library section of this forum.
    34. moment of inertia: Isaac Newton, Leonhard Euler, Jakob Steiner
    35. pressure: Daniel Bernoulli
    36. electric field: Michael Faraday, James Maxwell
    37. momentum: Isaac Newton
    38. Newton's second law: Isaac Newton
    39. heat: Sadi Carnot, James Joule
    40. impedance: Oliver Heaviside, Arthur Kennelly
    41. voltage: Alessandro Volta
    42. flux: Carl Friedrich Gauss
    43. cooper pair: Leon Cooper
    44. Feynman propagator: Richard Feynman
    45. virtual particles: Richard Feynman, Gian-Carlo Wick, Freeman Dyson
    46. mean value theorem: Parameshvara, Michel Rolle, Augustin Cauchy
    47. free energy: St Albert of Cologne, Germain Hess, James Joule, Rudolf Clausius, Julius Thomsen, Marcellin Berthelot, Willard Gibbs, Hermann von Helmholtz
     
  5. Nov 14, 2009 #4
    You might want to check out the Stern-Gerlach experiment (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stern–Gerlach_experiment). It illustrates a lot of the basic quantum mechanical principles, in particular the deflection of particles and hence, physical interactions between particles.
     
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