# Make this definition of pi work

I quite like the following definition of pi and I wonder which minimal algebraic rules are needed to make this definition work?

$$\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(1+\frac{a}{n}\right)^n=1$$
$$\therefore |a|=2\pi k$$

(For example, are there algebras more general than complex numbers, where this works?)

Well, in the quaternions $e^{2\pi u} = 1$ where $u$ is any quaternion with $u^2 = -1$

So quaternions probably also work.

Any more abstract algebra? Hmm, what do I need? I need addition, multiplication, scalar division, limiting process and modulus, right? What has to be fulfilled as to yield pi then?