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Manual Water Pump

  1. Sep 11, 2007 #1
    could anyone please tell me how a manual/hand water pump works?

  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 11, 2007 #2


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    Welcome to PF, Portland.
    There are several different kinds of hand pumps. The rotary (crank) type is usually just a positive-displacement gear unit, similar to the oil pump in a car. The smaller ones that you squeeze produce a vacuum by squishing the air out (first squeeze) through a one-way valve, then sucking the fluid in through a different one-way valve. After that, the cycle is the same except that it's the fluid in the 'chamber' that gets squished out.
  4. Sep 11, 2007 #3
  5. Sep 11, 2007 #4


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    From the outside, it would appear that it's a simple 'bellows' type, which is a variation on the 'squeeze' type. Think of it like an accordion. When you push down, the bellows collapse and force whatever is in them out through the one-way valve in the spout. When they spring back up, a vacuum is created which allows ambient air pressure to force liquid from the reservoir through the other one-way valve into the bellows chamber.
    There are 3 ways that immediately come to mind for calibrating the amount pumped per stroke. One is to just make the bellows chamber the proper size to contain that volume. The second would be to use an off-the-shelf unit that's overly large and fill up the excess space with something like insulation foam. Third would be also with an oversized unit, but with some sort of mechanical stop to prevent full travel of the stroke.
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