Mass of a wire

1. Apr 13, 2007

kasse

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

What is the mass of a wire shaped like the arch x=t-sint, y=1-cost (t from 0 to 2*pi) of a cycloid C that has constant density D=k?

3. The attempt at a solution

I must integrate D*ds. I find that ds=sqrt(2-2cost)dt. Is this wrong? If it's right, I don't know how to integrate k*sqrt(2-2cost).

Last edited: Apr 13, 2007
2. Apr 13, 2007

Dick

There is a trick. sqrt(1-cos(t)) can be written neatly in terms of sin(t/2). Check out half angle formulas.

3. Apr 13, 2007

kasse

Last edited: Apr 13, 2007
4. Apr 13, 2007

kasse

I think it's supposed to be sqrt((1-cos(t))/2) that can be written in terms of sin(t/2), right?

5. Apr 13, 2007

Dick

Right. I didn't mean that they were equal - just that they were closely related.

6. Apr 13, 2007

kasse

Then I'll try to find the centroid, first the x:

Then I must integrate x*k*ds and multiply with 1/m=1/8k.

If I've done right, I'll have to integrate (t-sin(t)*sin(t/2). Is it time for another trick?

7. Apr 13, 2007

Dick

Not as tricky as the first one. t*sin(t/2) is a routine integration by parts. I would write sin(t)*sin(t/2) as 2*sin(t/2)*cos(t/2)*sin(t/2) using double angle formula and do a substitution. Nothing unusual here.