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Maximum velocity of charged beads

  1. Oct 7, 2012 #1
    OP's edit: Please ignore - SOLVED Maximum velocity of charged beads

    **Never mind, solved**
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Bead A has a mass of 15 g and a charge of -5.0nC. Bead B has a mass of 25 g and a charge of -10.0 nC. The beads are held 12cm apart and released.
    What is the maximum speed achieved by each bead?

    Hint:There are two conserved quantities. Make use of both.



    2. Relevant equations



    [tex]U_{elec}= \frac{1}{4\pi\epsilon_0}\frac{q_1q_2}{r}[/tex]



    U_i + K_i = U_f + K_f



    3. The attempt at a solution

    This is probably an easy one. I know by checking some answers provided by the textbook writers in the back of their book that I successfully did "more difficult" problems on my recent homework.
    However, I am unsure how to proceed here. When I evaluate the expression of the electric potential energy, I get 3.7458 x 10-6 J.

    Then I put that in the expression for the system's energy:

    [tex]0 + 3.7458 \times 10^{-6} J = 0 + \frac{1}{2}(.015kg)(v_{af})^2 + \frac{1}{2}(.025kg)(v_{bf})^2[/tex]

    I unfortunately have two variables here. I know that if you have two variables, you've got to make a system of equations if you want to solve.
    I think it's also the case that the final velocity will be equal to the highest speed because there are no other forces on these beads besides that of the electric fields.

    I tried to set the kinetic energies equal to each other as one possible approach. But the result there doesn't square with the book's
    answer (it's an odd problem) of 1.77 cm/s for the lighter particle and 1.06 cm/s for the heavier. In fact, it's very unlikely that this assumption is
    a good one as far as I can tell.

    Another assumption I tried is to set the final kinetic energy for each bead equal to the initial potential energy of the system, but this gets me answers in the mm/s range.
    Could be that the book is wrong but the more likely explanation is that I'm missing something pretty basic here.
     
    Last edited: Oct 7, 2012
  2. jcsd
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