Mean curvature

Hi,
I know that the mean curvature at an extremum point where the function vanishes must be nonpositive.can this say someting about the sign of the mean curvature at the farthest point on a close surface from the origin?
Thank's
Hedi

lavinia
Gold Member
Hi,
I know that the mean curvature at an extremum point where the function vanishes must be nonpositive.can this say someting about the sign of the mean curvature at the farthest point on a close surface from the origin?
Thank's
Hedi

You need to explain what you are talking about more clearly. What function?

I mean a real smooth function of two variables whose graph is a closed surface in R3

lavinia
Gold Member
I mean a real smooth function of two variables whose graph is a closed surface in R3

so you mean the mean curvature of the graph?

Isn't the mean curvature of the standard sphere strictly positive - in fact for any surface of positive Gauss curvature?

There is a therem that says that any closed surface in 3 space must have a point of positive Gauss curvature. At this point the mean curvature is positive.

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But Gauss curvature is positive also if the two principal curvatures are negative.at the farthest point from the origin, the surface is enclosed within a ball whose boundary shares a common tangent plane with the surface at this point.It seems that this implies that the mean curvature of the surface at this point must have a definite sign.I don't know what sign and how to explain it.

lavinia
Gold Member
But Gauss curvature is positive also if the two principal curvatures are negative.at the farthest point from the origin, the surface is enclosed within a ball whose boundary shares a common tangent plane with the surface at this point.It seems that this implies that the mean curvature of the surface at this point must have a definite sign.I don't know what sign and how to explain it.

right. My mistake. But for a sphere or an ellipsoid or any convex surface of positive curvature, the principal curvatures should both be positive. Yes?.

I am having trouble visualizing the case of both negative principal curvatures. May it can happen at a single point but in a region?can you give an example?

The surface must be convex at the farthest point so if this forces positive mean corvature'we are done,but i am not sure of it.

At a saddle point Gauss curvature is negative so one of the principal directions is negative.this may help for imagining a negative principal direction.

lavinia
Gold Member
At a saddle point Gauss curvature is negative so one of the principal directions is negative.this may help for imagining a negative principal direction.

Ok. Now I see what your question is.

A classical argument says - surround the surface with a very large sphere centered at the origin and let it's radius shrink until it first touches the surface.At this point the surface and the sphere are tangent and the entire surface lies on the inside of the sphere. Therefore the surface must be convex at this point.

Right.Doed it implies something about the sign of the mean curvature at the farthest point?

lavinia