Mechanics: inclined plane which can slide

In summary, to find the equations of motion for the mass m and the inclined plane, consider the forces acting on both and use Newton's second law of motion.
  • #1
UndergradPhy
1
0
Good afternoon,

a mass m slides on a frictionless surface of an inclined plane of angle x. The mass of this plane is M. The plane can slide on the horizontal surface.

I look for equations of motion for the mass m and the inclined plane.


I started by finding that, if the inclined plane would not move, the acceleration of m in x-direction is m*g*sin x * cos x and in y-direction m*g*sin x * sin x

Probably one can calculate forces and find as equilibrium between these!?

Could you please give me a tipp how I can find the solution?

Maximilian
 
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  • #2
To find the equations of motion for the mass m and the inclined plane, you need to consider the forces acting on both. For the mass m, the force of gravity is acting downwards, while there is also a normal reaction force from the plane. For the inclined plane, there is the gravitational force, a normal reaction force from the mass m, and a friction force if the plane is moving on the horizontal surface. You will need to use Newton's second law of motion to calculate the acceleration of both the mass m and the inclined plane.
 

Related to Mechanics: inclined plane which can slide

1. How does an inclined plane work?

An inclined plane is a simple machine that allows objects to be moved from a lower to a higher position with less effort. It works by reducing the amount of force needed to lift an object by increasing the distance over which the force is applied.

2. What is the formula for calculating the mechanical advantage of an inclined plane?

The mechanical advantage of an inclined plane is calculated by dividing the length of the inclined plane by its height. This can also be expressed as the ratio of the weight of the object being moved to the force needed to move it up the inclined plane.

3. What is the relationship between the angle of inclination and the effort required to move an object up an inclined plane?

The steeper the angle of inclination, the less effort is required to move an object up the inclined plane. This is because a steeper angle results in a longer inclined plane, which reduces the amount of force needed to lift the object.

4. Can an inclined plane be used to lift objects vertically?

No, an inclined plane can only be used to move objects horizontally or at an angle. To lift objects vertically, other simple machines such as a pulley or lever must be used.

5. Are there any real-life examples of inclined planes?

Yes, there are many real-life examples of inclined planes. Some common examples include ramps for wheelchair access, roads winding up a mountain, and slides at a playground. Inclined planes are also used in construction equipment such as bulldozers and cranes.

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