Methane to CO2 conversion

  • Thread starter Spanalessmech
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    Co2 Methane
H20In summary, there are several options for converting methane to carbon dioxide without using combustion. One approach is to use a suitable catalyst or process such as platinum, palladium, rhodium, or nanotech catalysts like nickel-tin. Another option is to use methane oxidizing bacteria, such as Methylococcus capsulatus. Reacting with ozone under UV or using a halogen substitution and then treating with an oxidizing agent are also potential methods. The goal is to generate as little heat as possible and avoid an explosive atmosphere in the work area.
  • #1
I would like to convert methane to carbon dioxide without using combustion. The aim is to generate as little heat through the process as possible. Any ideas how this might be achieved would be appreciated.

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  • #2
Look for a suitable catalyst/process. Try looking up platinum, palladium, rhodium and I think someone was working on, even, a nickel-tin 'nanotech' catalyst some time ago.

What else do you want from the process; water (you'll get lots of heat out, it is quite (the most?) exothermic!), hydrogen, methanol? I guess there are particular processes and catalysts for all these reactions, and more.
  • #3
Thanks for the reply. Heat is ok, Its more the radiation heat from the flame I'm trying to avoid. I'm not to concerned about producing other specific products, I just want to eliminate an explosive atmosphere, and burning the methane is not practical within the confines of the work area.
  • #4
You can use methane oxidizing bacteria (Methylococcus capsulatus for eg.) if you can catch hold of some by any means.
  • #6
What about reacting with ozone? Under UV?
  • #7
Actually, methanoic acid can be oxidised to water and carbon dioxide efficiently. To do that, first, you need to substitute a halogen. e.g reacting with chlorine under UV. Then use NaOH solution to subsititute OH via nucleophilic mechanism. Treat it with some oxidising agent to produce methanal and methanoic acid and lastly CO2

1. How is methane converted to CO2?

Methane can be converted to CO2 through a process called methane oxidation. This involves the use of a catalyst, typically a metal oxide, to react with methane and oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water.

2. What is the purpose of converting methane to CO2?

The main purpose of converting methane to CO2 is to reduce the amount of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, in the atmosphere. CO2 is a less potent greenhouse gas and has a longer atmospheric lifetime, making it a more stable option for managing climate change.

3. What are the different methods of methane to CO2 conversion?

There are several methods of converting methane to CO2, including thermal oxidation, steam reforming, partial oxidation, and catalytic oxidation. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, and the most suitable method depends on the specific needs and conditions of the conversion process.

4. Can methane to CO2 conversion be used for energy production?

Yes, methane to CO2 conversion can be used for energy production through processes such as steam reforming. In this method, methane is converted to CO2 and hydrogen, which can then be used as a fuel source for power generation.

5. Are there any challenges or limitations to methane to CO2 conversion?

One of the main challenges of methane to CO2 conversion is the cost and energy required for the process. Additionally, there may be technical challenges in designing and operating the conversion system. Furthermore, methane leakage during the conversion process can offset the benefits of reducing methane emissions.

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