Metric Spaces

1. Oct 24, 2011

Ted123

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

[PLAIN]http://img833.imageshack.us/img833/6932/metric2.jpg [Broken]

3. The attempt at a solution

I've shown $d_{X\times Y}$ is a metric by using the fact that $d_X$ and $d_Y$ are metrics.

What is a simpler description of $d_N$ with $d_X$ the discrete metric?

Is it just: $$d_N(x,y) = \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} N & : x\neq y\\ 0 & : x=y \end{array} \right.$$

Last edited by a moderator: May 5, 2017
2. Oct 24, 2011

micromass

Staff Emeritus
No. How did you get there??

Just calculate

$$d_N((x_1,x_2),(y_1,y_2))$$

and see what the possible outcomes are.

3. Oct 25, 2011

Ted123

Yeah I see what I assumed wrong.

$d_N(x,y)$ is the number of coordidates in which x and y differ.

How do I describe these open balls?

The definition is: $B(x,r)=\{ y\in X : d(x,y)<r \}$ where $x\in X$ and $r>0$ is the radius.

So we want:

$B((0,0),1)=\{ y\in X^2 : d((0,0),y)<1 \}$ ;

$B((0,0),2)=\{ y\in X^2 : d((0,0),y)<2 \}$ ;

$B((0,0),3)=\{ y\in X^2 : d((0,0),y)<3 \}$ .