Metricity equation

1. Mar 21, 2014

kuecken

∇$_{\mu}$g$_{\alpha\beta}$=0 is the metricity equation (∇ the covariant derivative).
However, I wondered whether also ∇$_{\mu}$g$^{\alpha\beta}$=0 holds?
When I checked it, it did not. But I really want it to hold, so I was wondering whether I made a mistake.
Thank you.

2. Mar 21, 2014

WannabeNewton

Hi kuecken. In fact $\nabla_{\mu}g_{\alpha\beta} = 0 \Leftrightarrow \nabla_{\mu}g^{\alpha\beta} = 0$.

This is actually very easy to see:

$0 = \nabla_{\mu}\delta^{\alpha}{}{}_{\beta} = \nabla_{\mu}(g^{\alpha \gamma}g_{\gamma \beta}) = g^{\alpha\gamma}\nabla_{\mu}g_{\gamma \beta} + g_{\gamma\beta}\nabla_{\mu}g^{\alpha \gamma}$ holds identically hence if $\nabla_{\mu}g_{\alpha\beta} = 0$ then $\nabla_{\mu}g^{\alpha\beta} = 0$ and similarly for the converse.

3. Mar 21, 2014

kuecken

This is the expression I arrived at. However, can I argue that the g$_{\gamma\beta}$ in front of ∇ is arbitrary? Or how do I do that last step

4. Mar 21, 2014

WannabeNewton

So we have $g_{\gamma\beta}\nabla_{\mu}g^{\alpha\gamma} = 0$. Contract both sides with $g^{\nu\beta}$ to get $\delta^{\nu}{}{}_{\gamma}\nabla_{\mu}g^{\alpha\gamma} = \nabla_{\mu}g^{\alpha\nu} = 0$.

5. Mar 21, 2014

dextercioby

Because of the metricity condition, one can define the so-called contravariant derivatives:

$$\nabla^{\mu}T_{\alpha} = g^{\mu\nu} \nabla_{\nu}T_{\alpha}$$

$$= \nabla_{\nu}\left(g^{\mu\nu}T_{\alpha}\right)$$

that is freely take out and put back the metric tensor under the covariant/contravariant differentiation sign.