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Mixing problem

  1. Aug 12, 2005 #1
    there's an example problem in my textbook, but i'm stuck on how to make the first move~
    "a tank contains 1000gal of water in which 200lb of salt are dissolved. Fifty gallonw of brine, each containing (1+cost)lb of dissolbed salt, run into the tank per minute. The mixture, kept uniform by stirring, runs out the same rate. Find the amount of salt y(t) in the tank at any time t."
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 12, 2005 #2


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    HINT: [tex]\frac{dA}{dt} = r_{in} - r_{out}[/tex]

    where A is the amount of salt in the tank and r is the rate of salt flow in or out of the tank.
  4. Aug 12, 2005 #3
    rate in = 50 lbs/min * (1+cost)lb / gal

    rate in = y(t) / 1000 gal

    dv /dt = rin - rout

    find the intergating factor and ....
  5. Aug 13, 2005 #4
    Why's rate out = y(t)/1000 gal?
  6. Aug 13, 2005 #5


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    It's not- there's a slight error. If y(t) is the amount of salt in the entire tank then y(t)/1000 is the amount of salt in each gallon. (Notice that that is now in "pounds per gallon". Since the solution is going out of the tank at 50 gallons per minute, there will be (y(t)/1000 pounds/gallon)(50 gallon/minute)= y(t)/20 pounds/min

    Since mathmike got the inflow right, I suspect that was just a typo.
  7. Aug 14, 2005 #6
    crummy.... I just noticed I have a lot of typos in my original question! sorry about that! :P
    thanks! i didn't consider the different units... :P
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